Regions on the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase proteins of human parainfluenza virus type-1 and Sendai virus important for membrane fusion

T BousseA Portner


To study the contributions of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and the fusion (F) glycoproteins in virus-induced membrane fusion, the HN and F proteins of human parainfluenza virus type-1 (hPIV-1) and Sendai virus (SV) were expressed in HeLa T4+ cells using the vaccinia virus-T7 RNA polymerase transient expression system. Expression of F protein alone did not induce cell fusion. However, coexpression of homologous F and HN proteins resulted in extensive syncytium formation by hPIV-1 or SV glycoproteins, which supports the proposal that both the F and HN glycoproteins are necessary for membrane fusion. To investigate the function of HN in membrane fusion, we coexpressed heterologous combinations of the HN and F proteins of hPIV-1 and SV. No fusion was observed when SV HN and hPIV-1 F proteins were coexpressed. In contrast, the coexpression of hPIV-1 HN and SV F induced extensive cell fusion. These results suggest that specific interaction between HN and F is required to induce membrane fusion. To locate regions that are essential to the fusion promoting activity, chimeric HN proteins of SV and hPIV-1 were constructed. The chimeric proteins coexpressed with the SV or hPIV-1 F proteins indicated that some regions in the middle...Continue Reading


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