Jan 1, 1989

Regulation of epithelial transport in the jejunal mucosa of the guinea pig by neurokinins

Life Sciences
R Mathison, J S Davison

Abstract

This study characterizes the actions of the neurokinins and calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP) on electrolyte transport across the mucosa of the guinea pig jejunum in vitro in a modified Ussing chamber. By following changes in short circuit current (Isc) induced by substance P (SP) and neurokinins A & B (NKA & NKB) in the presence and absence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) and atropine, it was established that two distinct neurokinin receptors are involved in the regulation of electrolyte transport. NKA preferentially activates a neuronal receptor since the actions of this neurokinin were inhibited by both TTX and atropine. SP, whose actions were reduced to a lesser extent by TTX and atropine, is considered to activate preferentially a receptor on the epithelial cells. The third neurokinin, NKB, appears to act non-selectively on both the neuronal and epithelial receptors. CGRP, which per se did not affect Isc, markedly potentiated the increases in Isc induced by SP and NKB, and thus acts synergistically with the epithelial neurokinin receptor. These results suggest that two distinct neurokinin receptors (the NK-1 and the NK-2) regulate epithelial transport in the jejunal mucosa of the guinea pig, and furthermore indicate that at lea...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

CALCA gene
TAC1
Nervousness
Calcitonin preparation
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
Malignant Neoplasm of Jejunum
Electrolytes
CALCA wt Allele
Cavia
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.