PMID: 40828Nov 1, 1979

Regulation of fatty acid synthesis

Federation Proceedings
W E Donaldson

Abstract

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase and fatty acid synthetase are the two major enzymes involved in the synthesis of fatty acids in animals. The activities of both enzymes are affected by nutritional manipulations. Although acetyl-CoA carboxylase is considered generally to be the rate-limiting step in lipogenesis, there is evidence that suggests that fatty acid synthetase may become rate limiting under certain conditions. The principal support for the view that acetyl-CoA carboxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme for lipogenesis is that the activity of the enzyme is controlled by allosteric effectors that change the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme. Until recently, the only known control of fatty acid synthetase was through changes in rate of enzyme synthesis. Data are reviewed that show that fatty acid synthetase can exist in forms possessing different catalytic activities. Thus fatty acid synthetase appears to be subject to the type of control necessary for an enzyme to serve as a regulator of the rate of a biological process over a short term.

Related Concepts

Lipogenesis
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Palmitoyl Coenzyme A
Fatty Acid Synthases
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Saturated Fat
Adipogenesis
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Fasting
Veterinary Nutritional Physiology

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