Dec 1, 1975

Regulation of ferredoxin-catalyzed photosynthetic phosphorylations

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
D I Arnon, R K Chain

Abstract

Under aerobic conditions that are likely to prevail in chloroplasts in vivo, the optimal concentration of ferredoxin for cyclic photophosphorylation was found to be equal to that required for NADP reduction and about one-tenth of that needed for cyclic photophosphorylation under anaerobic conditions. In the presence of ferredoxin and NADP, cyclic photophosphorylation operated concurrently with noncyclic photophosphorylation, producing an ATP: NADPH ratio of about 1.5. The effective operation of ferredoxin-catalyzed cyclic photophosphorylation by itself required a curtailment of the electron flow from water which was accomplished experimentally by the use of either an inhibitor or far-red monochromatic light. An unexpected discovery was that the operation of cyclic photophosphorylation by itself was also regulated by a back reaction of NADPH and ferredoxin with two components of chloroplast membranes, component C550 and cytochrome b559. The significance of these findings to photosynthesis in vivo is discussed.

  • References24
  • Citations84

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Photophosphorylation
Tissue Membrane
Ferredoxin
Diuron
Aerobiosis
Ferredoxin Activity
Chloroplasts
Prevail
FDX1
Spectrophotometry

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.