PMID: 3963187Apr 1, 1986Paper

Regulation of interorganal glutamine flow in metabolic acidosis

The American Journal of Physiology
T C WelbourneS Joshi


Metabolic acidosis redirects interorgan glutamine flow from hepatic utilization to renal ammoniagenesis at the expense of ureagenesis. The roles of arterial glutamine load and organ glutaminase capacity in the regulation of glutamine balance across the gut, liver, and kidneys were studied in control and chronically acidotic rats. In control rats these organs combined to remove 733 nmol glutamine X min-1 X 100 g-1 in agreement with their respective glutaminase content, gut greater than liver greater than kidneys. In chronic metabolic acidosis renal glutamine extraction alone increased to 1,158 nmol X min-1 X 100 g-1 associated with an increased glutaminase capacity. However, the total glutamine deficit across these organs rose to only 1,043 nmol glutamine consumed X min-1 X 100 g-1 as a consequence of hepatic glutamine uptake reversing to net release. This reversal was not dependent on increased hepatic glutamine synthetase capacity, but rather appears to be dependent on the combined effect of reduced portal venous glutamine load and increased ammonia load. The reduction in portal glutamine load is, in turn, a consequence of renal glutamine extraction and reduced arterial glutamine concentration in metabolic acidosis as well as ...Continue Reading


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