Regulation of norepinephrine release from cardiac sympathetic fibers in the dog by presynaptic alpha- and beta-receptors

Circulation Research
N YamaguchiR A Nadeau


The effect of phenoxybenzamine (PBA), desmethylimipramine (DMI), clonidine (CLND), sotalol (STL), and isoproterenol (ISPR) on the release of endogenous norepinephrine (NE) from the heart on right cardioaccelerator nerve stimulation was studied in anesthetized dogs. Under control conditions, the catecholamine levels in coronary sinus blood increased linearly with increasing frequencies of stimulation up to 10 Hz and did not increase further at 30 Hz. The release of NE was markedly enhanced after PBA (1 mg/kg, iv) and DMI (1 mg/kg, iv). The enhanced release of NE after DMI, but not after PBA, was associated with a prolonged response in heart rate. In contrast, NE release was reduced after CLND (15 microgram/kg, iv) at stimulation frequencies of 1 and 2 Hz and this was associated with reduced responses in heart rate and left ventricular dtp/dt. STL (5 mg/kg, iv) reduced significantly the release of NE at stimulation frequencies of 1-5 Hz, whereas ISPR enhanced NE outflow at frequencies of 1-4 Hz. These results support the existence of both negative and positive feedback mechanisms on the release of norepinephrine by cardiac sympathetic fibers mediated through presynaptic alpha- and beta-adrenoreceptors, respectively. The functiona...Continue Reading


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