Regulation of ovarian follicular development: a review of microscopic studies

Microscopy Research and Technique
S K Roy

Abstract

Follicular development in the mammalian ovary is a complex process regulated by an orchestrated action of the pituitary gonadotropins, e.g., follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), and local ovarian factors, such as peptide growth factors and steroids. The mechanism of endocrine/paracrine/autocrine regulation of folliculogenesis (i.e., cell proliferation and functions) has been addressed largely by biochemical means. However, the availability of immunological and molecular tools now enables us to undertake critical microscopic studies revealing the ovarian cell-type specific synthesis and/or accumulation of many of these local peptide modulators, their roles in the proliferation and differentiation of follicular cells, and their regulation by gonadotropins and local factors. The objective of this review is to provide a comprehensive yet complete picture of the endocrine/autocrine regulation of mammalian folliculogenesis as revealed by microscopic studies. Efforts have been made to include adequate research information relevant to update our understanding of the process of follicular development; however, to maintain the brevity, many equally important studies could not be included. This review confirms ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Cell Division Phases
DNA, Double-Stranded
Atretic Follicle
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Microscopy
Receptors, LH
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Transforming Growth Factor beta

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