Regulation of plant peptide hormones and growth factors by post-translational modification

Plant Biology
Nils Stührwohldt, Andreas Schaller


The number, diversity and significance of peptides as regulators of cellular differentiation, growth, development and defence of plants has long been underestimated. Peptides have now emerged as an important class of signals for cell-to-cell communication over short distances, and also for long-range signalling. We refer to these signalling molecules as peptide growth factors and peptide hormones, respectively. As compared to remarkable progress with respect to the mechanisms of peptide perception and signal transduction, the biogenesis of signalling peptides is still in its infancy. This review focuses on the biogenesis and activity of small post-translationally modified peptides. These peptides are derived from inactive pre-pro-peptides of approximately 70-120 amino acids. Multiple post-translational modifications (PTMs) may be required for peptide maturation and activation, including proteolytic processing, tyrosine sulfation, proline hydroxylation and hydroxyproline glycosylation. While many of the enzymes responsible for these modifications have been identified, their impact on peptide activity and signalling is not fully understood. These PTMs may or may not be required for bioactivity, they may inactivate the peptide or ...Continue Reading


Dec 6, 1994·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Andreas Schaller, Clarence A Ryan
Jul 23, 1996·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yoshikatsu Matsubayashi, Youji Sakagami
Aug 5, 1996·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·Yoshikatsu MatsubayashiYouji Sakagami
Feb 15, 2000·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·I JanzikAndreas Schaller
Mar 10, 2000·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Clarence A Ryan
Jul 19, 2001·Nature·Gregory PearceClarence A Ryan
Oct 25, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Gregory PearceClarence A Ryan
May 25, 2002·Science·Yoshikatsu MatsubayashiYouji Sakagami
Jun 13, 2002·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Justin M Scheer, Clarence A Ryan
Sep 25, 2002·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Eduardo A NillniWilliam C Wetsel
Aug 6, 2003·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Justin M ScheerClarence A Ryan
Dec 9, 2003·The Plant Cell·Nina V ChichkovaAndrey B Vartapetian
Aug 25, 2004·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Dominique VercammenFrank Van Breusegem
Nov 6, 2004·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Päivi TiainenPeppi Koivunen
Dec 22, 2004·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Koji YuasaKen Matsuoka
May 24, 2005·Plant Physiology·Adam J BookRichard D Vierstra
Dec 22, 2005·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Brody J DeYoungSteven E Clark
Aug 12, 2006·Science·Tatsuhiko KondoYouji Sakagami
Sep 26, 2006·Plant Physiology·Kevin A Lease, John C Walker
Feb 17, 2007·Chemical Record : an Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]·Yoshikatsu MatsubayashiMari Ogawa
Jul 31, 2007·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Jian-Xiang LiuStephen H Howell
Nov 9, 2007·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yukari AmanoYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Mar 5, 2008·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Kentaro OhyamaYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Jul 23, 2008·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Renu SrivastavaStephen H Howell
Sep 24, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Sung Ki ChoJohn C Walker
Sep 25, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Yuki HirakawaHiroo Fukuda
Dec 17, 2008·The New Phytologist·Anke KutschmarMargret Sauter
Jan 16, 2009·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Sebastian WolfSteffen Greiner
Apr 29, 2009·Current Biology : CB·Yvonne StahlRüdiger Simon
May 29, 2009·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Renu SrivastavaStephen H Howell
Jun 16, 2009·Nature Chemical Biology·Kentaro OhyamaYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Aug 12, 2009·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ryota KomoriYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Jan 30, 2010·The EMBO Journal·Nina V ChichkovaMichael E Taliansky
Apr 21, 2010·Physiologia Plantarum·Maaria LoivamäkiMargret Sauter
Oct 28, 2010·Development·Atsuko KinoshitaShinichiro Sawa
Nov 6, 2010·Plant Molecular Biology·Jun NiSteven E Clark
Oct 20, 2011·Physiologia Plantarum·Liana TsiatsianiFrank Van Breusegem
Feb 7, 2012·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Ling MengSheng Luan
Feb 23, 2012·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Daisuke IgarashiFumiaki Katagiri
Jan 19, 2013·BMC Genomics·Chad E NiederhuthJohn C Walker
Mar 9, 2013·Plant Signaling & Behavior·Stephen Mosher, Birgit Kemmerling
Apr 10, 2013·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Stephen DepuydtChristian S Hardtke
Aug 13, 2013·Nature Communications·Satoru OkamotoMasayoshi Kawaguchi
Aug 22, 2013·The Plant Cell·Liana TsiatsianiFrank Van Breusegem
Aug 27, 2013·Journal of Experimental Botany·Ana FernandezTom Beeckman
Sep 17, 2013·Nature Chemical Biology·Mari Ogawa-OhnishiYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Oct 15, 2013·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Takayuki TamakiShinichiro Sawa
Oct 26, 2013·Nucleic Acids Research·Neil D RawlingsAlex Bateman
Nov 2, 2013·Journal of Experimental Botany·Christina DelayMichael A Djordjevic
Nov 22, 2013·Journal of Experimental Botany·Nijat IminMichael A Djordjevic
Jan 25, 2014·Science·Miyoshi HarutaMichael R Sussman
May 2, 2014·Annual Review of Plant Biology·Yoshikatsu Matsubayashi
May 9, 2014·The Plant Cell·Melinka A ButenkoGeorg Felix
Jul 8, 2014·Trends in Plant Science·Evan Murphy, Ive De Smet
Jul 25, 2014·Journal of Experimental Botany·Fabien SénéchalJérôme Pelloux
Jul 27, 2014·Plant Molecular Biology·Nils StührwohldtMargret Sauter
Oct 1, 2014·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Anja T FuglsangMichael G Palmgren
Nov 16, 2014·The EMBO Journal·Michael WrzaczekJaakko Kangasjärvi
Feb 7, 2015·Molecular Plant·Silvia M VelasquezJosé M Estevez
Feb 26, 2015·Journal of Experimental Botany·Nadiatul A Mohd-RadzmanMichael A Djordjevic
May 26, 2015·Nature Genetics·Cao XuZachary B Lippman
Aug 16, 2015·The Plant Cell·Patrizia TavorminaBruno P A Cammue
Aug 19, 2015·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Raisa A GaliullinaAndrey B Vartapetian
Mar 24, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Hidefumi ShinoharaYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
May 28, 2016·Journal of Experimental Botany·Yasuka L YamaguchiShinichiro Sawa
Jun 19, 2016·Journal of Experimental Botany·Sarieh GhorbaniPierre Hilson
Sep 15, 2016·Development·Marc SomssichDavid Jackson
Oct 17, 2016·Molecular Plant·Heqiao ZhangJijie Chai
Dec 9, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Changqing DuFeng Yu
Feb 23, 2017·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Mathias HohlAndreas Schaller
Mar 21, 2017·Nature Plants·Yuri OhkuboYoshikatsu Matsubayashi
Apr 14, 2017·The New Phytologist·Roman E BeloshistovAndrey B Vartapetian
May 4, 2017·The New Phytologist·Andreas SchallerPablo Vera
Jul 24, 2017·Molecular Plant·Nils StührwohldtAndreas Schaller
Aug 7, 2017·Trends in Plant Science·Andrea A GustThorsten Nürnberger
Oct 29, 2017·Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : MCP·Neha PatelMichael A Djordjevic
Nov 23, 2017·Frontiers in Plant Science·Haiyan Zhang, Yuanyuan Hu
Apr 28, 2018·Journal of Experimental Botany·Natalia NikonorovaIve De Smet


Dec 15, 2018·Plant Biology·D Staiger, A P M Weber
Aug 1, 2020·Frontiers in Plant Science·Sergio Iacopino, Francesco Licausi
Aug 28, 2019·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Sayan ChakrabortyGuozhou Xu
Sep 4, 2019·Current Protocols in Plant Biology·Clarissa BoschieroWolf-Rüdiger Scheible
Feb 22, 2020·The New Phytologist·Haiyan ZhangJinxing Lin
Nov 25, 2020·The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology·Reika IsodaMasayoshi Nakamura
Dec 29, 2020·Frontiers in Plant Science·Isaac Vega-MuñozSimon Stael
Oct 23, 2020·Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants : an International Journal of Functional Plant Biology·Sakshi AggarwalAnanda Mustafiz
Dec 5, 2020·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Galina SmolikovaAndrej Frolov
Mar 12, 2021·Plant Science : an International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology·Hsin-Hung LinYu-Chi Chen
Mar 23, 2021·Plant Cell Reports·Prafull SalviMehanathan Muthamilarasan
Apr 5, 2021·Frontiers in Plant Science·Bent Larsen PetersenPeter Ulvskov

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.