Jan 1, 1994

Regulation of proximal renal tubular K+ conductance by intracellular pH

Nephron
H VölklF Lang

Abstract

Conventional electrophysiology and 2', 7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and 6)-carboxyfluorescein fluorescence have been applied to elucidate the effects of metabolic acidosis on straight proximal tubules of the mouse kidney. Reduction of extracellular bicarbonate concentration from 20 to 10 mmol/l leads to a decline of intracellular pH from 7.00 +/- 0.06 to 6.85 +/- 0.05, a depolarization of the cell membrane (PDbl) from -72 +/- 1 to -59 +/- 2 mV, a decrease of the basolateral transference number for potassium (tK) from 0.80 +/- 0.01 to 0.54 +/- 0.03, an increase of the basolateral transference number for bicarbonate (tb) from 0.16 +/- 0.02 to 0.42 +/- 0.03 and an increase of the fractional resistance of the basolateral over the luminal cell membrane (Rb/Ra) by 64 +/- 8%. Upon return to 20 mmol/l bicarbonate after a 5-min exposure to 10 mmol/l bicarbonate, the intracellular pH approached a more alkaline value (7.28 +/- 0.08) than before exposure to acidosis. Despite the intracellular alkalosis, PDbl (-67 +/- 1 mV) and tK (0.73 +/- 0.02) remained significantly below, and tb (0.26 +/- 0.02) and Rb/Ra (32 +/- 8%) significantly above the respective values before induction of acidosis. Even transient exposure of the tubules to 40 mmol/l ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular
Protoplasm
Resting Potentials
Potassium
Perfusion
Intracellular Fluid
Carbonic Acid Ions
Kidney
Carboxyfluorescein
Electrophysiology (Science)

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