Jul 30, 1985

Regulation of rat hepatic cytochrome P-450: age-dependent expression, hormonal imprinting, and xenobiotic inducibility of sex-specific isoenzymes

D J WaxmanF P Guengerich


The influence of age, sex, and hormonal status on the expression of eight rat hepatic cytochrome P-450 (P-450) isoenzymes was evaluated by both catalytic and immunochemical methods. The male specificity of P-450 2c(male)/UT-A, the major microsomal steroid 16 alpha-hydroxylase of uninduced rat liver [Waxman, D.J. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 15481-15490], was shown to reflect its greater than or equal to 30-fold induction at puberty in male but not in female rats. The female specificity of P-450 2d(female)/UT-I was shown to reflect its developmental induction in females. P-450 PB-2a/PCN-E was shown to mediate greater than or equal to 85% of microsomal steroid 6 beta-hydroxylase activity; the male specificity of this P-450 largely reflects its developmental suppression in female rats. Neonatal gonadectomy and hormonal replacement experiments established that neonatal androgen "imprints" or programs the male rat for developmental induction of P-450 2c(male)/UT-A, for maintenance of P-450 PB-2a/PCN-E, and for suppression of P-450 2d(female)/UT-I, all of which occur in male rats at puberty. By contrast, the expressed levels of P-450 isoenzymes PB-1/PB-C, 3/UT-F, PB-4/PB-B, ISF-G, and beta NF-B were mostly unaffected by the rats' age, ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

August Rats
Cytochrome P450
Cytochrome P-450 Oxygenase
Microsomes, Liver

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