Feb 25, 1979

Regulation of rat hepatic stearoyl coenzyme A desaturase. The roles of insulin and carbohydrate

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
M R Prasad, V C Joshi

Abstract

The rat hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturation decreased by 3.7-fold in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Insulin treatment of diabetic rats increased the enzyme activity by 7-fold. In marked contrast to glucose administration, fructose feeding in diabetic rats resulted in 20-fold stimulation of stearoyl-CoA desaturation, although both carbohydrates stimulated stearoyl-CoA desaturation in normal rats. Measurement of the microsomal electron transfer components showed no significant changes in the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase activity or in the concentration of cytochrome b5. However, the activity of the terminal desaturase changed in a parallel fashion as the amount of terminal desaturase reflect changes in the overall desaturation. Supplementation of various microsomes with the saturating amount of purified terminal desaturase resulted in the formation of similar amounts of catalytically active complex and increased the stearoyl-CoA desaturation to the same level suggesting that the changes in the amount of terminal desaturase reflect changes in the overall desaturation. The results support the suggestion that both insulin and the intermediates of carbohydrate metabolism are involved in the regulation of terminal desaturase.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Carbohydrate nutrients
Desaturase
Acyl CoA Desaturases
Fructose
Dietary Carbohydrates
Zanosar
Coenzyme A
Microsomes
Hepatic
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer

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