Dec 1, 1988

Regulation of the galactose-inducible lac operon and the histidine utilization operons in pts mutants of Klebsiella aerogenes

Journal of Bacteriology
S L BaldaufR A Bender

Abstract

Galactose appears to be the physiological inducer of the chromosomal lac operon in Klebsiella aerogenes. Both lactose and galactose are poor inducers in strains having a functional galactose catabolism (gal) operon, but both are excellent inducers in gal mutants. Thus the slow growth of K. aerogenes on lactose reflects the rapid degradation of the inducer. Several pts mutations were characterized and shown to affect both inducer exclusion and permanent catabolite repression. The beta-galactosidase of pts mutants cannot be induced at all by lactose, and pts mutants appear to have a permanent and constitutive inducer exclusion phenotype. In addition, pts mutants show a reduced rate of glucose metabolism, leading to slower growth on glucose and a reduced degree of glucose-mediated permanent catabolite repression. The crr-type pseudorevertants of pts mutations relieve the constitutive inducer exclusion for lac but do not restore the full level of glucose-mediated permanent catabolite repression and only slightly weaken the glucose-mediated inducer exclusion. Except for weakening the glucose-mediated permanent catabolite repression, pts and crr mutations have no effect on expression of the histidine utilization (hut) operons.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Galactose Measurement
GLB1
Histidine
Galactose Catabolic Process
Lac Gene
Histidine Ammonia-Lyase
Lac Operon
Galactose
Enterobacter aerogenes bacterium
Ammonia-Lyases

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