PMID: 9783Jan 1, 1976

Regulation of tyrosine and phenylalanine biosynthesis in Salmonella

Acta Microbiologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
D B SprinsonK P Liu

Abstract

Several types of 4-fluorophenylalanine resistant mutants were isolated. In one type of mutant DAHP synthetase (tyr) and prephenate dehydrogenase were coordinately derepressed. The mutation was linked to aroF and tyrA and was cis- dominant by merodiploid analysis, thus confirming that it is an operator constitutive mutation (tyrOc). A second type of mutation showed highly elevated levels of tyrosine pathway enzymes which were not repressed by L-tyrosine. It was unlinked to tyrA and aroF, and was trans-recessive in merodiploids. These properties were attributed to a mutation in a regulator gene, tyrR (linked to pyr F), that resulted in altered or non-functional aporepressor. Hence tyrO, tyrA, and aroF constitute an operon regulated by tyrR. In a third type of mutation chorismate mutase P-prephenate dehydratase was highly elevated. It was not linked to pheA, was located in the 95--100 min region of the Salmonella chromosome, and was recessive to the wild type gene in merodiploids. A mutation was, therefore, indicated in a regulatory gene, pheR, which specified an aporepressor for regulating pheA. DAHP synthetase (phe), specified by aroG, was not regulated by pheR, but was derepressed in one of the tyrR mutants, suggesting that as ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Chorismate Mutase
Antibiotic Resistance, Microbial
Enzyme Repression
Genes, Regulator
Genetic Linkage Analysis
4-Fluorophenylalanine
Endorphenyl
2-Dehydro-3-Deoxyphosphoheptonate Aldolase
Prephenate Dehydratase
Prephenate Dehydrogenase

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