Regulatory Role of N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) Methylation in RNA Processing and Human Diseases.

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Wenqiang WeiShaoping Ji

Abstract

N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) modification is an abundant and conservative RNA modification in bacterial and eukaryotic cells. m6 A modification mainly occurs in the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) and near the stop codons of mRNA. Diverse strategies have been developed for identifying m6 A sites in single nucleotide resolution. Dynamic regulation of m6 A is found in metabolism, embryogenesis, and developmental processes, indicating a possible epigenetic regulation role along RNA processing and exerting biological functions. It has been known that m6 A editing involves in nuclear RNA export, mRNA degradation, protein translation, and RNA splicing. Deficiency of m6 A modification will lead to kinds of diseases, such as obesity, cancer, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), infertility, and developmental arrest. Some specific inhibitors against methyltransferase and demethylase have been developed to selectively regulate m6 A modification, which may be advantageous for treatment of m6 A related diseases. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 2534-2543, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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