Regulatory roles of phytochemicals on circular RNAs in cancer and other chronic diseases.

Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Shasha ZhangTing Wang

Abstract

As novel non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), circular RNAs (circRNAs) play an essential role in the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases, and the regulation of these functional molecules has become a research hotspot gradually. Within the past decade, phytochemicals were reported to regulate the expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) in various chronic diseases, and more recently, most studies focus on the regulatory roles of phytochemicals on circRNAs. Abnormal expression of circRNAs has been identified in chronic diseases like cancer, heart failure, depression and atherosclerosis, and numerous studies have revealed the modulation of circRNAs by phytochemicals including berberine, celastrol, cinnamaldehyde, curcumin, et al. The expression of circRNAs, such as circSATB2 and circFOXM1, were modulated by phytochemicals, and these regulations further affected cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, autophagy, chemosensitivity, radiosensitivity and other biological processes. Mechanismly, the circRNAs mainly functioned as miRNA sponge, subsequently affecting miRNA-mediated regulation of target genes and related cell signaling pathways. In this review, we summarized the impact of phytochemicals on cir...Continue Reading

References

Dec 4, 2015·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Yu-Jie ZhangHua-Bin Li
Nov 2, 2019·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Prakash ThangavelRossana C Zepeda

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