Aug 24, 1976

Reinvestigation of the phenacyl bromide modification of alpha-chymotrypsin

G I GloverJ R Petersen


The modification of alpha-chymotrysin with phenacyl bromide has been reinvestigated over a wide pH range. Evidence is presented that indicates that the nature of the phenacyl-modified enzymes prepared by this reaction is dependent upon the pH of the reaction medium. The phenacyl alpha-chymotrypsin produced at low pH is most probably the Met-192 phenacylsulfonium salt, as proposed earlier, since it readily undergoes dealkylation using 2-mercaptoethanol. However, the phenacyl-enzyme prepared at neutral pH possesses a much reduced enzymatic activity and does not react with 2-mercaptoethanol to regenerate native alpha-chymotrypsin. In addition, incubation of the Met-192 phenacyl sulfonium enzyme at neutral pH causes a smooth irreversible change to the new phenacyl-enzyme as monitored by changes in enzymatic activity, susceptibility to dealkylation using 2-mercaptoethanol, and ultraviolet difference absorption spectral properties. The stoichiometries of both the low and neutral pH modification reactions have been determined, using [carbonyl-14C]phyenacyl bromide, to be 1 phenacyl group/enzyme molecule. In efforts to obtain information about the nature and mechanism of formation of the phenacyl alpha-chymotrypsin produced at neutral ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Enzymes, antithrombotic
Structure-Activity Relationship
Phenacyl bromide
Bromides Measurement

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