Relation between access blood flow and mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients

Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN
Mohammed Al-GhonaimAlberta Kidney Disease Network

Abstract

Access blood flow (Qa) measurement is a potentially important determinant of systemic hemodynamics in hemodialysis patients. High Qa may contribute to left ventricular dilation and high output heart failure. On the other hand, low Qa might lead to underdialysis, which is associated with adverse outcomes. In this retrospective study of incident chronic hemodialysis patients treated in three Canadian cities (Edmonton, Calgary, and Halifax), the hypothesis that extremes of Qa(low or high) would be associated with increased mortality was tested. The distribution of Qa was not Gaussian, and therefore Qa was log-transformed in analyses that treated it as a continuous variable. Qa was classified into categories defined by cutpoints of 500, 1000, 1500, and 2000 ml/min. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were performed to examine the relation between Qa and all-cause mortality. Patients were followed from the date of Qa measurement until death; follow-up was discontinued at loss to follow-up, kidney transplantation, or end of study. Of 820 participants, those with lower levels of Qa tended to be older and to have more comorbidities. During the median follow-up period of 28 mo, 206 (25.1%) participants died and 10...Continue Reading

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