PMID: 3560843Jan 1, 1987

Relation between the probability of development of altitude-decompression disorders and the duration of pre-exposure to a hypobaric atmosphere

Kosmicheskaia biologiia i aviakosmicheskaia meditsina
V I ChadovL R Iseev

Abstract

Healthy volunteers, aged 21-47 years, were kept in an altitude chamber. Before decompression to a residual pressure of 293.3 GPa the test subjects were consecutively exposed to 1120 GPa for 2 hrs and then to 733.3 GPa for 24, 18 or 12 hrs. At 293.3 GPa the test subjects performed a moderate workload for 6 hrs. It has been concluded that prior to the use of a space suit with the working pressure 0.3 kgf/cm2 (293.3 GPa) the time of exposure to a hypobaric normoxic (29-30% O2) atmosphere with the total barometric pressure 733.3 GPa should not be less than 18 hrs and it should preferably be 24 hrs. In this situation decompression safety of 6-hr extravehicular activity can be predicted with a high probability.

Related Concepts

Adaptation, Physiological
Altitude Sickness
Anoxemia
Atmospheric Pressure
Decompression Sickness
Anti-Shock Trousers
Dioxygen
Respiration

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina = Aerospace and environmental medicine
V I ChadovA S Tsivilashvili
Kosmicheskaia biologiia i aviakosmicheskaia meditsina
I N CherniakovI V Maksimov
Kosmicheskaia biologiia i aviakosmicheskaia meditsina
V I Chadov, L R Iseev
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved