Feb 16, 1976

Relations between the electrical potential, pH gradient, proton flux and phosphorylation in the photosynthetic membrane

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
Peter Gräber, H T Witt


The transmembrane electrical potential (deltaphi), the proton flux (H+), the rate of electron transport (e), the pH gradient (deltapH) and the rate of phosphorylation (ATP) were measured in chloroplasts of spinach. Photosynthesis was excited periodically with flashes of variable frequencies and intensities. A new method is described for determining the rate of electron transport and proton flux. Under conditions where the rate of electron transport and proton flux are not pH controlled the following correlations were found in the range 50 mV less than or equal to deltaphi less than or equal to 125 mV and 1.8 less than or equal to deltapH less than or equal to 2.7: (1) The pH gradient, deltapH, increases with H+ independently of Phout between 7-9. (2) The rate of phosphorylation, ATP, depends exponentially on deltapH (at constant deltaphi) and is independent of pHout between 7-9. (3) The rate of phosphorylation, ATP, depends also on deltaphi (at constant deltapH and at constant proton flux H+). (4) The proton flux via the ATPase pathway, Hp+, depends non-linearly on the ratio of the proton concentrations: Hp+ approximately (Hin+/Hout+)b, (b=2.3--2.6). The proton flux via the basal pathway, Hb+, depends linearly on the ratio of t...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Spinach preparation
Biochemical Pathway
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Resting Potentials
Spinacia oleracea
Electron Transport
Protein Phosphorylation

About this Paper

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