Relationship between auscultatory events and structural abnormalities in mitral valve prolapse: a two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluation

American Heart Journal
S Arvan, S Tunick

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the valvular abnormalities and auscultatory findings of patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Forty patients with typical auscultatory and two-dimensional echocardiographic (2DE) findings were studied. Eleven of 14 patients with anterior leaflet MVP (group I) had mid to late systolic clicks without murmurs of mitral regurgitation, while eight of nine patients with posterior leaflet prolapse (group II) and 13 of 17 patients with combined anterior and posterior prolapse (group III) had murmurs of mitral regurgitation. In each subgroup the mitral anulus size was greater than a control group (group I = 3.8 +/- 0.1 cm, p less than 0.025; group II = 3.9 +/- 0.1 cm, p less than 0.005; group III = 4.2 +/- 0.2 cm, p less than 0.001; and control = 3.4 +/- 0.1 cm), but the largest anulus was present in patients with combined prolapse. As demonstrated by 2DE, prolapse of a single mitral leaflet may occur in many instances of MVP. Murmurs of mitral regurgitation occur frequently when the posterior mitral leaflet alone prolapses, while isolated clicks are found with anterior mitral leaflet prolapse.

References

Sep 1, 1978·British Heart Journal·M V Cohen
Jul 7, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·P MillsE Craige
Jun 1, 1977·The American Journal of Medicine·A DeMariaD T Mason
May 1, 1973·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·R M Jeresaty
Mar 1, 1974·Circulation·R L PoppD C Harrison
May 1, 1969·British Heart Journal·A Pomerance
Sep 1, 1983·The American Journal of Cardiology·A J KolibashC F Wooley
Oct 1, 1983·The American Journal of Cardiology·C TeiJ A Ormiston
Nov 1, 1980·Postgraduate Medicine·R K Mahapatra, N Krasnow

Citations

Jun 23, 2001·The American Journal of the Medical Sciences·W JacobsG A Stouffer
Sep 22, 1998·Cardiology Clinics·J R Teerlink, E Foster

Related Concepts

2D Echocardiography
Heart Auscultation
Mitral Valve
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome
Structure of Papillary Muscle

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.