PMID: 43161Dec 1, 1979

Relationship between cerebral blood flow changes and cortical extracellular fluid pH during cerebral metabolic depression induced by althesin

British Journal of Anaesthesia
D G McDowallA Wadon

Abstract

Baboons anaesthetized with halothane and nitrous oxide in oxygen were given Althesin 0.05 ml kg-1 i.v. Cerebral blood flow (c.b.f.) was measured by an electromagnetic flowmeter and by xenon clearance whilst extracellular fluid (e.c.f.) pH of the parietal cortex was measured with a micro pH electrode. Carotid blood flow (carBF) began to decrease and carotid vascular resistance (carVR) to increase 2.0 s (SEM 0.3) after the slowing of the e.e.g. produced by Althesin, while e.c.f. pH began to change to alkaline 10.5 s (SEM 1.0) after the e.e.g. change. The first statistically significant increase in mean e.c.f. pH occurred 25 s after the Althesin-induced change in the e.e.g. The duration of the changes in carVR and e.c.f. pH were 7 and 5 min respectively. It is concluded that the change in e.c.f. pH cannot have initiated the increase in carVR which followed the cerebral matabolic depression produced by Althesin. The later alkaline shift in e.c.f. pH may, however, have maintained the increased carVR during the duration of cerebral metabolic depression produced by Althesin.

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