Relationship between glycosylated hemoglobin and blood glucose during progression of chronic kidney disease

American Journal of Nephrology
Rajiv Agarwal, Robert P Light

Abstract

The value of measurement of glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA(1C)) in determining the degree of glycemic control in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is unclear. A single-center, prospective cohort study was conducted in 128 veterans with diabetes mellitus and CKD. HgbA(1C) was measured as clinically indicated and its relationship with random blood glucose (RBG) measurement evaluated prospectively over up to 10 years in three groups (end-stage renal disease (ESRD), CKD and controls who had diabetes but no CKD). Between 1995 and 2011, in the control group, glycemic control as assessed by HgbA(1C) was stable but improved when assessed by RBG. However, both the CKD and ESRD groups experienced declines in RBG and HgbA(1C). Declining HgbA(1C) and RBG were noted prior to onset of dialysis. A fall in HgbA(1C) remained after adjustment for RBG. A strong inverse relationship was seen between CKD stage and HgbA(1C) even after adjusting for RBG such that the relationship between RBG levels and HgbA(1C) was modified by CKD. In diabetic patients with late-stage CKD, glycemic control shows an improvement. However, HgbA(1C) <7% may overestimate the degree of glycemic control. Therefore, reliance on HgbA(1C) without home blood glucose mon...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 29, 2014·Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation : Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association·Marijn SpeeckaertUNKNOWN European Renal Best Practice Guideline Development Group on Diabetes in Advanced CKD
May 4, 2017·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·Joshua J NeumillerKatherine R Tuttle
May 17, 2015·Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN·Claire TrivinUNKNOWN NephroTest Study Group
Jun 5, 2019·The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism·Marie-Noel RahhalFaramarz Ismail-Beigi
Dec 25, 2017·American Journal of Nephrology·Maria DivaniDimitrios M Grekas
Sep 14, 2021·International Journal of Clinical Practice·Labib Al-MusaweAna Paula Martins

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