Relationship between PAF-acether and thromboxane A2 biosynthesis in endotoxin-induced intestinal damage in the rat

N K Boughton-SmithB J Whittle


PAF-receptor antagonists are known to inhibit gastrointestinal damage induced by endotoxin. In the present study, the interaction between the biosynthesis of PAF and thromboxane (TX) A2, as putative mediators of the acute intestinal damage induced by endotoxin, has been investigated in the anaesthetised rat. Bolus intravenous administration of lipopolysaccharide from E. coli (5-50 mg/kg) induced dose-related jejunal damage, assessed using both macroscopic and histological techniques. This damage was accompanied by significant increases in the jejunal formation of PAF determined by bioassay, and of TXB2, determined by radioimmunoassay. Pretreatment with the structurally-unrelated thromboxane synthase inhibitors, 1-benzyl imidazole (10-50 mg/kg) or OKY 1581 (25 mg/kg) substantially reduced both jejunal damage and TXB2 formation, but did not inhibit PAF formation. Likewise, pretreatment with indomethacin (5 mg/kg) or BW 755C (50 mg/kg) reduced jejunal damage and TXB2 formation but did not affect PAF formation. Pretreatment (2h) with dexamethasone (4 mg/kg) reduced jejunal damage and the formation of both TXB2 and PAF. Intravenous infusion of PAF (100 ng/kg/min for 10 min) induced jejunal damage and significantly increased the form...Continue Reading


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