Relationship between the diuretic effect of radiocontrast media and their ability to increase renal vascular resistance

The British Journal of Radiology
S K MorcosJ L Haylor


The relationship between diuresis and natriuresis induced by radiocontrast media (RCM) and their renal haemodynamic effects were investigated. The effects of the iso-osmolar iotrolan and the hyperosmolar diatrizoate on the renal vascular resistance (RVR) were studied in the filtering and non-filtering variants of the isolated perfused rat kidney (IPRK) preparation. In the non-filtering model, no tubular regulatory process can be activated. The effect of diatrizoate on the RVR of the filtering IPRK in the presence of fursemide (0.3 mmol l-1) an inhibitor of the tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) was also investigated. There was no significant difference (p > 0.05) in the response of the filtering (n = 6) and non-filtering (n = 6) IPRK to iotrolan. The induced reduction in the renal perfusate flow (RPF) by iotrolan was 20.5 +/- 3.05% and 22.9 +/- 3.03%, respectively. The reduction in the RPF which was observed with diatrizoate in the non-filtering IPRK (n = 5, 17.5 +/- 3.04%) was significantly less (p < 0.05) in comparison to that of the filtering IPRK (n = 6, 26.9 +/- 4.28%). In the frusemide experiments, a reduction in the RPF comparable to that of the non-filtering kidney was observed (n = 5, 13.7 +/- 4.34%). This study demonstra...Continue Reading


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