Relationship between tuberculous otomastoiditis and tuberculous meningitis

The Journal of Laryngology and Otology
G SonmezH Mutlu

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between tuberculous meningitis and tuberculous otomastoiditis. Meningeal involvement sites were investigated by magnetic resonance imaging in 32 patients (21 males, 11 females) who had previously been diagnosed with tuberculous meningitis. Clinical and laboratory findings and responses to anti-tuberculous treatment were evaluated, and the presence of concomitant tuberculous otomastoiditis was also investigated. The meningeal involvement site was unilateral (in the sylvian fissure and the perimesencephalic cistern) in 28 patients (87.5 per cent), and bilateral and widespread in four patients (12.5 per cent). Tuberculous otomastoiditis was found in 11 of the patients with tuberculous meningitis (34.3 per cent). Otomastoiditis was on the same side as the meningeal involvement in nine of these 11 patients. Bilateral otomastoiditis with meningeal involvement was observed in two patients. Tuberculous meningitis is frequently accompanied by otomastoiditis, although the exact causal relationship between the two conditions is unclear. Since meningitis is a serious clinical condition, concomitant otomastoiditis generally remains unrecognised. Tuberculosis should be considered in the ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 6, 2021·Acta neurologica Belgica·Ajith CherianK P Divya

Related Concepts

Antitubercular Agents
Differential Diagnosis
Magnetization Transfer Contrast Imaging
Mastoiditis
Retrospective Studies
Tuberculous Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis
Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular

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