Relationships between body composition, body dimensions, and peak speed in cross-country sprint skiing

Journal of Sports Sciences
Thomas StogglHans-Christer Holmberg


In modern sprint cross-country skiing, strength and maximal speed are major determinants of performance. The aims of this study were to ascertain the anthropometric characteristics of world-class sprint skiers and to evaluate whether a specific body composition and/or body dimension characterizes a successful sprint skier. Our hypothesis was that body height and lean body mass are related to peak speed in double poling and diagonal stride. Fourteen male national and international elite skiers performed two peak speed tests in double poling and diagonal stride roller skiing on a treadmill and were analysed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to determine body composition and body dimensions. Relative pole length was positively correlated with both techniques (double poling: r = 0.77, P < 0.01; diagonal stride: r = 0.60, P < 0.05) and was the only variable that was part of the multiple regression model for both double poling and diagonal stride peak speed. Body height was not correlated with any technique, whereas lean trunk mass (r = 0.75, P < 0.01), body mass index (r = 0.66, P < 0.01), total lean mass (r = 0.69, P < 0.01), and body mass (r = 0.57, P < 0.05) were positively related to double poling peak speed. Total lean mas...Continue Reading


Jun 1, 1979·British Journal of Sports Medicine·V NiinimaaM Dyon
Mar 20, 1978·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·H RuskoE Karvinen
Sep 1, 1992·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·U Bergh, A Forsberg
Dec 1, 1990·Ergonomics·B Mebarki, B T Davies
Jan 1, 1989·Journal of Sports Sciences·B D McLean, A W Parker
Aug 1, 1987·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·U Bergh
Jan 1, 1980·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·E M Haymes, A L Dickinson
Jun 15, 2000·British Journal of Sports Medicine·J BourgoisJ Lefevre
Oct 24, 2000·Journal of Sports Sciences·T ReillyA Franks
Sep 26, 2003·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·C C Yoshiga, M Higuchi
Oct 7, 2003·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Henrik B Larsen
Jan 24, 2004·Sports Biomechanics·Johnny NilssonOlav Eikrehagen
May 5, 2005·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Hans-Christer HolmbergErich Müller
Sep 27, 2005·British Journal of Sports Medicine·G J SlaterD G Jenkins
Mar 15, 2006·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·G TerzisH-C Holmberg
Mar 17, 2006·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglErich Müller
Oct 7, 2006·International Journal of Sports Medicine·G Vicente-RodriguezJ A L Calbet
Jun 29, 2007·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglErich Müller
Jun 30, 2007·British Journal of Sports Medicine·B KnechtleG Kohler
Jul 27, 2007·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·T Berentzen, T I A Sørensen
Nov 21, 2007·BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders·Usha Chinappen-HorsleyTim D Spector
Dec 18, 2007·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Jorge Perez-GomezJosé A L Calbet
Jan 24, 2008·International Journal of Sports Medicine·R M KerrW Sinclair
Jul 5, 2008·International Journal of Sports Medicine·P Larsson, K Henriksson-Larsén

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jun 24, 2010·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Erik AnderssonHans-Christer Holmberg
Jul 13, 2011·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Oyvind SandbakkHans-Christer Holmberg
Aug 28, 2012·Journal of Clinical Densitometry : the Official Journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry·Diane Krueger, Neil Binkley
Jun 5, 2014·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·R StögglT Stöggl
Jun 24, 2016·Sports Medicine·Kim Hébert-LosierHans-Christer Holmberg
Apr 1, 2016·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas Leonhard Stöggl, Hans-Christer Holmberg
Jan 26, 2016·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Magnus CarlssonMichail Tonkonogi
Dec 6, 2016·Journal of Applied Biomechanics·Franziska OnaschWalter Herzog
Apr 5, 2014·International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance·Magnus CarlssonMichail Tonkonogi
Nov 13, 2018·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglStefan Josef Lindinger
Dec 20, 2011·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Alisa NanaLouise M Burke
Jul 11, 2018·International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism·Amelia CarrAnna Melin
Dec 19, 2013·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Marcin MaciejczykLee E Brown
Nov 13, 2015·Current Sports Medicine Reports·Kyle B Nagle
Mar 9, 2013·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglHans-Christer Holmberg
Oct 16, 2010·Journal of Applied Physiology·Jens Bojsen-MøllerJostein Hallén
Jul 15, 2018·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Elias BucherOliver Faude
Oct 6, 2018·European Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Analiza M Silva
Jun 26, 2012·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Gabriel M HögströmAnna Nordström
Aug 9, 2018·Frontiers in Physiology·Barbara PellegriniHans-Christer Holmberg
Sep 12, 2019·Frontiers in Physiology·Arnstein SundeØyvind Støren
Sep 26, 2020·Journal of Sports Sciences·Xizhang HuangKewei Zhao

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned


Software Mentioned

Office Excel
Lunar DXA

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.