Relationships between body composition, body dimensions, and peak speed in cross-country sprint skiing

Journal of Sports Sciences
Thomas StogglHans-Christer Holmberg

Abstract

In modern sprint cross-country skiing, strength and maximal speed are major determinants of performance. The aims of this study were to ascertain the anthropometric characteristics of world-class sprint skiers and to evaluate whether a specific body composition and/or body dimension characterizes a successful sprint skier. Our hypothesis was that body height and lean body mass are related to peak speed in double poling and diagonal stride. Fourteen male national and international elite skiers performed two peak speed tests in double poling and diagonal stride roller skiing on a treadmill and were analysed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to determine body composition and body dimensions. Relative pole length was positively correlated with both techniques (double poling: r = 0.77, P < 0.01; diagonal stride: r = 0.60, P < 0.05) and was the only variable that was part of the multiple regression model for both double poling and diagonal stride peak speed. Body height was not correlated with any technique, whereas lean trunk mass (r = 0.75, P < 0.01), body mass index (r = 0.66, P < 0.01), total lean mass (r = 0.69, P < 0.01), and body mass (r = 0.57, P < 0.05) were positively related to double poling peak speed. Total lean mas...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jun 24, 2010·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Erik AnderssonHans-Christer Holmberg
Jul 13, 2011·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Oyvind SandbakkHans-Christer Holmberg
Aug 28, 2012·Journal of Clinical Densitometry : the Official Journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry·Diane Krueger, Neil Binkley
Jun 5, 2014·Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports·R StögglT Stöggl
Jun 24, 2016·Sports Medicine·Kim Hébert-LosierHans-Christer Holmberg
Apr 1, 2016·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas Leonhard Stöggl, Hans-Christer Holmberg
Jan 26, 2016·Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research·Magnus CarlssonMichail Tonkonogi
Dec 6, 2016·Journal of Applied Biomechanics·Franziska OnaschWalter Herzog
Apr 5, 2014·International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance·Magnus CarlssonMichail Tonkonogi
Nov 13, 2018·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglStefan Josef Lindinger
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Mar 9, 2013·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Thomas StögglHans-Christer Holmberg
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Aug 9, 2018·Frontiers in Physiology·Barbara PellegriniHans-Christer Holmberg
Sep 12, 2019·Frontiers in Physiology·Arnstein SundeØyvind Støren
Sep 26, 2020·Journal of Sports Sciences·Xizhang HuangKewei Zhao

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