Oct 10, 2015

Relationships between putative G-quadruplex-forming sequences, RecQ helicases, and transcription

BMC Medical Genetics
John A Smestad, L James Maher


Putative G-quadruplex-forming sequences (PQS) have long been implicated in regulation of transcription, though the actual mechanisms are not well understood. One proposed mechanism involves the activity of PQS-specific helicases belonging to the RecQ helicase family. However, patterns of PQS that correlate with transcriptional sensitivity to RecQ helicases are not well studied, and no adequate transcriptional model exists to account for PQS effects. To better understand PQS transcriptional effects, we analyze PQS motifs in genes differentially-transcribed in Bloom Syndrome (BS) and Werner Syndrome (WS), two disorders resulting in loss of PQS-interacting RecQ helicases.  We also correlate PQS genome-wide with transcription in multiple human cells lines while controlling for epigenetic status.  Finally, we perform neural network clustering of PQS motifs to assess whether certain motifs are over-represented in genes sensitive to RecQ helicase loss. By analyzing PQS motifs in promoters of genes differentially-transcribed in BS and WS, we demonstrate that abundance of promoter PQS is generally higher in down-regulated genes and lower in up-regulated genes, and show that these effects are position-dependent. To interpret these correl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Biological Neural Networks
Transcriptional Regulation
Bloom Syndrome
Regulation of Biological Process
Werner Syndrome
Transcription Initiation Site
Transcription, Genetic

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