Relative refractoriness of left ventricular contraction underlies human tachycardia-induced mechanical and electrical alternans

Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE
Takeshi KashimuraTohru Minamino


Mechanical alternans (MA) and electrical alternans (EA) are predictors of cardiac events. Experimental studies have suggested that refractoriness of calcium cycling underlies these cardiac alternans. However, refractoriness of left ventricular contraction has not been examined in patients with cardiac alternans. In 51 patients with miscellaneous heart diseases, incremental right atrial pacing was performed to induce MA and EA. MA was quantified by alternans amplitude (AA: the difference between left ventricular dP/dt of a strong beat and that of a weak beat), and AA at 100/min (AA100) and maximal AA (AAmax) were measured. EA was defined as alternation of T wave morphology in 12-lead electrocardiogram. Relative refractoriness of left ventricular contraction was examined by drawing the mechanical restitution curve under a basal coupling interval (BCL) of 600 ms (100/min) and was assessed by the slope at BCL (Δmechanical restitution). Postextrasystolic potentiation (PESP) was also examined and the slope of PESP curve (ΔPESP) was assessed as a property to alternate strong and weak beats. MA and EA were induced in 19 patients and in none at 100/min or less, and at any heart rate in 32 and in 10, respectively. AA100 and AAmax correla...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
Cardiac Conduction System
Left Ventricular Structure
Myocardial Contraction
Tachycardia, Ventricular
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Action Potentials
Heart Diseases

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