PMID: 58045Jun 1, 1976

Release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) from human leukocytes by the calcium ionophore A23187

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
M C ConroyL M Lichtenstein

Abstract

The ability of the calcium ionophore A23187 to release slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRA-A) from human leukocytes was studied. About 25 times more SRS-A activity was released from aliquots of leukocytes by ionophore stimulation than by antigen stimulation, although comparable amounts of histamine were released. Cell separation studies revealed that granulocytes other than basophils were also capable of releasing SRS-A. The contractile activity released after challenge with ionophore appeared physicochemically identical to the SRS-A of rat or human origin released by antigen challenge in terms of its stability to base hydrolysis, inactivation by arylsulfatase, and chromatographic behavior on silicic acid and Sephadex LH-20 columns. We suggest that some mediators of allergic reactions previously associated, in man, only with antigen-IgE antibody interaction on mast cells or basophils may be released by other stimuli and from other cell types.

Related Concepts

Neutrophil Band Cells
Basophils
Leukocytes
Anaphylaxis
ARSI
Hypersensitivity
Histamine Release
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
SRS-A
Calcimycin

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