Aug 2, 2011

REM sleep behavior disorder in the marmoset MPTP model of early Parkinson disease

Peternella S VerhaveIngrid H C H M Philippens


Sleep problems are a common phenomenon in most neurological and psychiatric diseases. In Parkinson disease (PD), for instance, sleep problems may be the most common and burdensome non-motor symptoms in addition to the well-described classical motor symptoms. Since sleep disturbances generally become apparent in the disease before motor symptoms emerge, they may represent early diagnostic tools and a means to investigate early mechanisms in PD onset. The sleep disturbance, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), precedes PD in one-third of patients. We therefore investigated sleep changes in marmoset monkeys treated with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride (MPTP), the non-human primate model for idiopathic PD. Mild parkinsonism was induced in 5 marmoset monkeys (3M/2F) over a 2-week period of subchronic MPTP treatment. Electroencephalograms (EEGs) and electromyograms (EMGs) were recorded weekly. Motor activity and hand-eye coordination were also measured weekly, and any signs of parkinsonism were noted each day. Sleep parameters, motor activity, and performance data before and after MPTP treatment were compared between MPTP-treated marmosets and 4 control marmosets (1M/3F). MPTP increased the number of sleep ep...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Surface Electromyography
Molecular Motor Activity
MPTP-Induced Degeneration of the Striatum
Fetishism (Psychiatric)
Sleep Disorders
Parkinsonian Disorders
Mental Disorders
REM Sleep Behavior Disorder

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