PMID: 7940023May 1, 1994Paper

Removal of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers from a UV-irradiated shuttle vector introduced into human cells

Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics
A K Ganesan, P C Hanawalt


A shuttle vector (pZH-1) carrying the E. coli lacZ gene under control of the SV40 early promoter was irradiated with UV and introduced into repair-proficient or repair-deficient human cell lines. The expression of irradiated lacZ compared to unirradiated lacZ was greater in repair-proficient cells (HT-1080) than in repair-deficient cells (XP12RO-SV40) belonging to xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A. To ascertain whether the expression of lacZ in the repair-proficient cells was correlated with the removal of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs), we purified DNA from the recipient cells and used the CPD-specific enzyme T4 endonuclease V to measure the frequency of CPDs remaining in the plasmid as a whole and in two restriction fragments derived from it. We found that removal of CPDs occurred in both fragments in the repair-proficient cells but not in the repair-deficient cells. Our results provide the first direct evidence for the removal of CPDs from UV irradiated plasmids introduced into human cells and support the notion that expression of the UV-damaged lacZ gene in repair-proficient human cells reflects the removal of transcription blocking lesions from the gene.


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