Apr 8, 1976

Removal of phosphate groups from casein with potato acid phosphatase

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
E W Bingham, H M Farrell

Abstract

Potato acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2) was used to remove the eight phosphate groups from alphas1-casein. Unlike most acid phosphatases, which are active at pH 6.0 or below, potato acid phosphatase can catalyze the dephosphorylation of alphas1-casein at pH 7.0. Although phosphate inhibition is considerable (K1=0.42 mM phosphate), the phosphate ions produced by the dephosphorylation of casein can be removed by dialysis, allowing the reaction to go to completion. The dephosphorylated alphas1-casein is homogeneous on gel electrophoresis with a slower mobility than native alphas1-casein and has an amino acid composition which is identical to native alphas1-casein. Thus the removal of phosphate groups from casein does not alter its primary structure. Potato acid phosphatase also removed the phosphate groups from other phosphoproteins, such as beta-casein, riboflavin binding protein, pepsinogen, ovalbumin, and phosvitin.

Mentioned in this Paper

Acid Phosphatase
Bos indicus
CSN1S1
Phosphoproteins
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Casein A
Metazoa

About this Paper

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