PMID: 8175172May 1, 1994

Renal effects of captopril and nitrendipine in transgenic rats with an extra renin gene

C Hirth-DietrichF C Luft


We investigated the acute effects of captopril and nitrendipine on renal function and sodium excretion in hypertensive, male, heterozygous transgenic rats harboring a mouse renin gene [TGR (mRen-2)27]. Both drugs reduced blood pressure dose dependently in conscious transgenic rats. The oral ED20 for captopril was 0.5 mg/kg and 2.7 mg/kg for nitrendipine. In orally salt-loaded (20 mL/kg saline) transgenic rats captopril (0.3 to 3.0 mg/kg) reduced sodium excretion by approximately 90% in the 6 hours after administration, whereas equally antihypertensive doses of nitrendipine increased sodium excretion by approximately 100%. The antinatriuretic effect of captopril was accompanied by a reduction in creatinine clearance and a decrease in the excretion of cyclic GMP. In orally water-loaded (20 mL/kg water) transgenic rats captopril also reduced sodium excretion by more than 90%, and nitrendipine slightly increased sodium excretion. In control Sprague-Dawley rats the effects were opposite; namely, captopril tended to increase natriuresis, and nitrendipine caused a small but distinct decrease in sodium excretion. Intravenous captopril in anesthetized transgenic rats caused an antinatriuresis with a decrease in inulin clearance but not ...Continue Reading


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