Jan 1, 1977

Renal handling of sodium, water and divalent ions in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
J RochmanO S Better

Abstract

1) Fluid retention and ascites are rarely seen in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). In an attempt to clarify this clinical observation, renal handling of sodium, water and divalent ions was studied during extracellular volume expansion (ECVE) and maximal suppression of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secretion in 5 patients with PBC and 9 normal subjects. 2) Mean fractional excretion of sodium, water, phosphate and calculated fractional distal delivery of sodium were significantly greater in patients with PBC as compared with normal controls. Fractional CH20 for given fractional urine flow was similar in patients with PBC and normals. 3) The data suggest that patients with PBC have a greater diminution of proximal tubular reabsorption of sodium in response to ECVE than controls. This augmented elimination of salt during ECVE in patients with PBC may explain the rarity of ascites and edema in this type of cirrhosis.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Biliary Cirrhosis
Extracellular
Flow of Urine
Calcium
Pitressin
Measurement of Fractional Excretion of Sodium
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement
Cirrhosis
Extracellular Space
Renal Tubule Structure

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.