Sep 15, 1998

Renin-aldosterone system can respond to furosemide in patients with hyperkalemic hyporeninism

The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
R ChanP M Zabetakis

Abstract

Thirty-four patients (65.3+/-3.3 years of age, mean+/-SEM) with hyperkalemia (serum potassium >5.0 mEq/L) had measurement of their renin-aldosterone system. Nineteen patients (56%) had plasma renin activity (PRA) >1.5 ng/mL/h, which was not low, while 15 (44%) had PRA <1.5. Twelve of the 15 hyporeninemic hyperkalemic patients were studied to determine whether their renin-aldosterone system responded to 2 weeks of furosemide, 20 mg daily. Four were nonresponders: PRA averaged 0.3+/-0.1 ng/mL/h, and it did not increase with furosemide or respond to captopril before or after furosemide. Eight patients were responders: PRA averaged 0.6+/-0.2 ng/mL/h and increased with furosemide to 5.5+/-3.4 ng/mL/h. Captopril failed to increase PRA before furosemide, but PRA increased to 15.3+/-8.4 ng/mL/h after furosemide. Plasma aldosterone was low in both nonresponders and responders (3.5+/-1.2 ng/dL vs 5.8+/-2.5 ng/dL) and did not increase significantly with furosemide (4.3+/-1.7 ng/dL vs 8.7+/-2.5 ng/dL). Serum potassium did not fall and therefore did not limit the rise in aldosterone. Renin responders had greater body weight, were predominantly female (6/8 vs 2/4) and were more likely to have diabetes mellitus (7/8 vs 0/4). Plasma atrial nat...Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations3

References

  • References23
  • Citations3

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Aldosterone Measurement
Atrial Natriuretic Factor Precursors
Hypoaldosteronism
Lopirin
Weighing Patient
Salix - substance
Serum Potassium Measurement
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis
Atrial Natriuretic Factor (ANF) Measurement
Gene Expression

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