PMID: 23917198Aug 7, 2013Paper

Reoperation for multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis

Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
Naoya Katsuragi, Yuji Shiraishi


We have performed pulmonary resection combined with chemotherapy for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Postoperative complications of pulmonary resection for MDR-TB include space problem, prolonged air leak, bronchopleural fistula with or without empyema, chylothorax, and relapse. Indication, surgical technique, postoperative management, and follow-up of reoperation (thoracoplasty and muscle plombage, clousure of bronchopleural fistula, resuture of bronchial stump, open window thoracostomy, and 2nd pulmonary resection) for these complications are described.

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