Repeated or long-duration TASER electronic control device exposures: acidemia and lack of respiration.

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
James R Jauchem

Abstract

Conducted energy weapons (CEWs), such as TASER devices, may be applied to subjects in repeated or long-duration modes. Such applications may result in more potentially harmful effects (as reflected in blood factor changes) than shorter exposures. In this review, results from a number of studies of repeated and long-duration CEW exposures in an animal model are examined. Additionally, a few limited investigations of shorter CEW applications to human subjects are considered. Specifically, in anesthetized swine, increased blood acidity (acidemia) and lack of effective respiration were found to be common during or immediately after CEW exposure. The acidemia could have been due to both metabolic and respiratory acidosis. A relatively rapid recovery toward baseline pH levels occurred. The lack of effective respiration has not been verified in experiments of CEW applications to human subjects; however, in some incidents of human deaths after CEW exposures subjects have been reported to stop breathing immediately after the exposure. It is not known if all human subjects exposed to CEW applications in the field (often "on drugs" or "in excited delirium") would be able to maintain adequate breathing. Since a limited number of short CEW ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Apr 2, 2013·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R JauchemMelissa Tarango
Mar 17, 2012·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S N KunzF Fischer
May 7, 2011·Annals of Emergency Medicine·Mathieu PasquierBertrand Yersin
Oct 5, 2010·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Donald M DawesJames R Miner
Jun 12, 2010·Forensic Science International : Synergy·Jeffrey D HoJames R Miner
Jul 29, 2015·Forensic Science International : Synergy·C CattaneoD Gibelli
Sep 11, 2019·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Jennie M BurnsMichael B Jirjis
Dec 7, 2018·Journal of Forensic Sciences·James R JauchemMichael B Jirjis

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