Reported physical symptoms elicited by unpredictable events and the type A coronary-prone behavior pattern

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
G Weidner, K A Matthews


Unpredictable and uncontrollable events are associated with a variety of illnesses. It was hypothesized that unpredictable aversive events are causally linked to physical symptom reporting and that the Type A coronary-prone behavior pattern affects symptom reporting, such that Type A individuals fail to report symptoms when they expect to continue working on a task as compared to when they believe they have completed it. In the present research, Type A and Type B women reported symptoms either at the end or in the middle of listening to unpredictable, predictable or ambient noise in the laboratory. Results showed that unpredictable noise produced more symptom reporting than predictable noise, which in turn produced more symptom reporting than the ambient noise; Type A individuals reported fewer symptoms in the middle of the task than at the end, whereas Type B's did not show this differential effect. Thus, both hypotheses were confirmed. Several possible explanations of the results are offered, and implications of the findings are discussed.


Jan 1, 1983·Journal of Psychosomatic Research·S Lichtman, E G Poser
Oct 1, 1992·British Journal of Industrial Medicine·B T Flodmark, G Aase
Nov 1, 1986·Pain·F J KeefeJ A Blumenthal
Jun 1, 1988·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·C Offutt, J M Lacroix
Feb 1, 1994·Journal of Personality Assessment·P R Yarnold, F B Bryant
Feb 1, 1990·Journal of Youth and Adolescence·L Keltikangas-Järvinen, K Räikkönen
Sep 1, 1981·Journal of Personality·C A OvcharchynT P Petzel
Apr 1, 1981·Perceptual and Motor Skills·P K Lundberg, M A Paludi
Oct 1, 1996·Perceptual and Motor Skills·P Hassmén, N Koivula
Jun 1, 1982·Journal of Human Stress·C W Stout, L J Bloom
Jul 1, 1992·The Journal of General Psychology·A R Perry, C A Laurie
Mar 1, 1983·Journal of Human Stress·K E Hart, J L Jamieson
Dec 1, 1980·Psychological Reports·J M Innes
Aug 1, 1986·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·J R EaglestonB Arnow
Jun 1, 1979·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·W A HuntW D Gentry
Mar 1, 1981·Journal of Human Stress·J W Gastorf
Jan 1, 1981·International Journal of Aging & Human Development·S De Berry
Jun 1, 1994·The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry·M Atchison, J Condon
Dec 1, 1979·Journal of Human Stress·J Sparacino
Jun 1, 1988·Journal of Behavioral Medicine·J Suls, G S Sanders
Jan 1, 1985·International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine·M W Ketterer, B D Smith
Aug 18, 2004·Journal of Health Psychology·S YousfiC Schmidt-Rathjens
Jul 1, 1986·Psychophysiology·M F Zelson, R F Simons

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy : Offizielles Organ Der Deutschen Gesellschaft Fur̈ Transfusionsmedizin Und Immunham̈atologie
Beatrix Grubeck-Loebenstein
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
A H Ismail, R J Young
© 2022 Meta ULC. All rights reserved