Repression of Dlx1/2 Signaling by Nolz-1/Znf503 is Essential for Parcellation of the Striatal Complex into Dorsal and Ventral Striatum

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kuan-Ming LuFu-Chin Liu

Abstract

The division of the striatum into dorsal and ventral districts is of central clinical importance. The dorsal striatum is differentially affected in Huntington's disease, dopamine in the ventral striatum is differentially spared in Parkinson's disease, and human brain imaging studies implicate the ventral striatum in addictive disorders. It fits that the dorsal striatum contains the cells of origin of the direct and indirect basal ganglia pathways for motor control. The ventral striatum is a node in neural circuits related to motivation and affect. Despite these striking neurobiologic contrasts, there is almost no information about how the dorsal and ventral divisions of the striatum are set up during development. Here, we demonstrate that interactions between the two key transcription factors Nolz-1 and Dlx1/2 control the migratory paths of developing striatal neurons to the dorsal or ventral striatum. Moreover, these same transcription factors control the cell identity of striatal projection neurons in both the dorsal and ventral striatum including the cell origin of the direct and indirect pathways. We show that Nolz-1 suppresses Dlx1/2 expression. Deletion of Nolz-1 or over-expression of Dlx1/2 can produce a striatal phenoty...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Basal Ganglia
Brain
Corpus Striatum Structure
Dopamine
Embryo
Pathological Fracture
Gene Deletion
Huntington Disease
Motivation
Neurons

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