DOI: 10.1101/477273Nov 24, 2018Paper

Reproducing Transformation of Indolent B-cell Lymphoma by T-cell Immunosuppression of L.CD40 Mice.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Christelle Vincent-FabertNathalie Faumont

Abstract

Transformation of an indolent B-cell lymphoma is associated with a more aggressive clinical course and poor survival. The role of immune surveillance in the transformation of a B-cell indolent lymphoma towards a more aggressive form is poorly documented. To experimentally address this question, we used the L.CD40 mouse model, which is characterized by B-cell specific continuous CD40 signaling, responsible for spleen indolent clonal or oligoclonal B-cell lymphoma after one year in 60% cases. Immunosuppression was obtained either by T/NK cell depletion or by treatment with the T-cell immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A. Immunosuppressed L.CD40 mice had larger splenomegaly with increased numbers of B-cells in both spleen and peripheral blood. High-throughput sequencing of immunoglobulin variable segments revealed that clonal expansion was increased in immunosuppressed L.CD40 mice. Tumor B cells of immunosuppressed mice were larger with an immunoblastic aspect, both on blood smears and spleen tissue sections, with increased proliferation rate and increased numbers of activated B-cells. Collectively, these features suggest that immune suppression induced a shift from indolent lymphomas into aggressive ones. Thus, as a preclinical m...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

B-Lymphocytes
Cell Growth
Cyclosporine
Immunoglobulin G
Lymphoma
Laboratory mice
Spleen
T-Lymphocyte
Transformation, Genetic
CD40 Antigens

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