Repurposing as a strategy for the discovery of new anti-leishmanials: the-state-of-the-art

Parasitology
Rebecca L CharltonPatrick G Steel

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne neglected tropical disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania for which there is a paucity of effective viable non-toxic drugs. There are 1·3 million new cases each year causing considerable socio-economic hardship, best measured in 2·4 million disability adjusted life years, with greatest impact on the poorest communities, which means that desperately needed new antileishmanial treatments have to be both affordable and accessible. Established medicines with cheaper and faster development times may hold the cure for this neglected tropical disease. This concept of using old drugs for new diseases may not be novel but, with the ambitious target of controlling or eradicating tropical diseases by 2020, this strategy is still an important one. In this review, we will explore the current state-of-the-art of drug repurposing strategies in the search for new treatments for leishmaniasis.

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Related Concepts

Metazoa
Schizonticides
Leishmania viannia
Leishmaniasis
Drug Prospecting
Neglected Diseases
Drug Rescue
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Genus: Leishmania
Leishmaniasis

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