Research progress in poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
Hongxi ChenZhiming Wang
Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma (PDTC) is a special type of thyroid carcinoma, the morphology and biological behavior of which are between well-differentiated and undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinomas. Currently, the diagnosis of PDTC mainly relies on the pathological standards. Although "Turin standards" is commonly used, there is no generally accepted diagnostic criteria. Surgery is still the main treatment for PDTC, but the adjuvant therapies are in dispute. Age, tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage and integrity of surgical of PDTC are major factors that affect the prognosis. The identification of eosinophilic phenotype (hurthle cells) of PDTC is important. Some common immunohistochemical and molecular biomarkers, such as the insulin-like growth factor II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3), E-cadherin and proliferating protein Ki67, may be helpful for distinguishing PDTC from other thyroid carcinoma. With the progress in studies regarding molecular markers for PDTC and the clinical characters of PDTC patients with large samples, the diagnosis for PDTC will greatly improved and the pathogenesis for PDTC will be elucidated.
Cadherins (named for "calcium-dependent adhesion") are a type of cell adhesion molecule (CAM) that is important in the formation of adherens junctions to bind cells with each other. Catenins are a family of proteins found in complexes with cadherin cell adhesion molecules of animal cells: alpha-catenin can bind to β-catenin and can also bind actin. β-catenin binds the cytoplasmic domain of some cadherins. Discover the latest research on cadherins and catenins here.