PMID: 7922051Jul 1, 1994

Resection for extrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma

The British Journal of Surgery
C m LoJ Wong


A total of 277 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) underwent hepatic resection over a 20-year period. Twelve of 36 patients with recurrence confined to extrahepatic organs underwent surgical resection. There were no complications but one patient died in hospital from secondary intrahepatic recurrence. The 1-, 2- and 5-year survival rates for these 12 patients after hepatic resection were 92, 52 and 26 per cent respectively and were better than those of 24 patients who did not undergo resection for recurrence. The mean survival following resection for recurrent disease was 19.7 months and the longest survival time was nearly 8 years. Secondary recurrence after resection of metastases developed more commonly in the liver than in extrahepatic organs. Among the eight patients who survived for more than 4 months after the second operation, secondary recurrence developed in the liver and extrahepatic organs in eight and four patients respectively. In selected patients with isolated extrahepatic recurrence of HCC, surgery is effective in controlling extrahepatic disease and offers the only chance of long-term survival.


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