Aug 8, 2013

Resilient brain aging: characterization of discordance between Alzheimer's disease pathology and cognition

Current Alzheimer Research
Selam NegashSteven E Arnold

Abstract

Although it is now evident that normal cognition can occur despite significant AD pathology, few studies have attempted to characterize this discordance, or examine factors that may contribute to resilient brain aging in the setting of AD pathology. More than 2,000 older persons underwent annual evaluation as part of participation in the Religious Orders Study or Rush Memory Aging Project. A total of 966 subjects who had brain autopsy and comprehensive cognitive testing proximate to death were analyzed. Resilience was quantified as a continuous measure using linear regression modeling, where global cognition was entered as a dependent variable and global pathology was an independent variable. Studentized residuals generated from the model represented the discordance between cognition and pathology, and served as measure of resilience. The relation of resilience index to known risk factors for AD and related variables was examined. Multivariate regression models that adjusted for demographic variables revealed significant associations for early life socioeconomic status, reading ability, APOE-ε4 status, and past cognitive activity. A stepwise regression model retained reading level (estimate = 0.10, SE = 0.02; p< 0.0001) and pas...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Autopsy
Brain
Memory for Designs Test
Senility
Alzheimer's Disease
APOE gene
Overinclusion
Cognition
Linear Regression Body Surface Area Formula for Infants and Children

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