Mar 1, 1976

Respiratory effects of 'lissive" anaesthesia using gallamine

Anaesthesia
D W MacfarlaneM C Mahomedy

Abstract

'Lissive anaesthesia', the administration of a small dose of a non-depolarising muscle relaxant to a patient breathing nitrous oxide, oxygen and an anaesthetic vapour, is a technique popularly employed for minor procedures. In this study, the effects of intravenous gallamine triethiodide (40 mg) on the blood-gas status of 20 patients under general anaesthesia with oxygen, nitrous oxide and halothane after pethidine and atropine premedication, were assessed. The results are compared with those obtained from a control group of 10 patients anaesthetised in an identical manner, but omitting the muscle relaxant drug. All patients in both the relaxant and control groups in this study developed respiratory acidaemia. The rise in mean arterial carbon dioxide tension was, however, greater after injection of gallamine. Significant hypoxia or metabolic acidaemia was not encountered, except in one grossly obese patient in the gallamine group. The implications of these findings are discussed.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Gallamine
Halothane
Intravenous Injections
Meperidine
Atropine
Atropinum, atropine
Acidemia
Gallamine Triethiodide
Obesity

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