PMID: 2787666May 1, 1989Paper

Respiratory hazards in hard metal workers: a cross sectional study

British Journal of Industrial Medicine
C Meyer-BischF Baruthio

Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted on 513 employees at three hard metal plants: 425 exposed workers (351 men, 74 women) and 88 controls (69 men, 19 women). Cough and sputum were more frequent in workers engaged in "soft powder" and presintering workshops compared with controls (12.5% and 16.5% v 3.5%). Spirometric abnormalities were more frequent among women in sintering and finishing workshops compared with control women (56.8% v 23.8%) and abnormalities of carbon monoxide test were more frequent in exposed groups than in controls; this difference was more pronounced in women (31.4% v 5.6%) than in men (18.5% v 13%). No significant correlation was observed between duration of exposure and age adjusted lung function tests. Slight abnormalities of chest radiographs (0/1, 1/1 according to ILO classification) were more frequent in exposed men than controls (12.8% v 1.9%) and mostly in soft powder workers. In subjects with abnormal chest radiographs FVC, FEV1 and carbon monoxide indices (fractional uptake of CO or CO transfer index or both) were lower compared with those with normal chest radiographs. Although relatively mild, the clinical, radiological, and functional abnormalities uncovered call for a regular supervision of wo...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 1, 1990·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·J P Gennart, R Lauwerys
Nov 27, 2008·International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health·Horst Christoph BrodingHans Drexler
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·A M Cirla
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·G MosconiP C Parigi
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·I FranchiniE Bergamaschi
Jun 30, 1994·The Science of the Total Environment·R SuardiS Piazzolla
Dec 16, 1998·The Science of the Total Environment·H W KuoC J Chen
Jan 1, 1992·British Journal of Industrial Medicine·A FischbeinA Miller
Dec 1, 1992·British Journal of Industrial Medicine·J H AuchinclossD J Peppi
May 1, 1992·British Journal of Industrial Medicine·N ChauQ T Pham
Mar 1, 1995·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·S M KennedyK Teschke
Mar 1, 1996·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Y KusakaS Goto
Mar 1, 1996·Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Y KusakaS Goto
Aug 10, 2000·Environmental Health Perspectives·P KelleherL S Newman
Jan 24, 2008·Industrial Health·Aleksandr B StefaniakWilliam P Chisholm
Jan 25, 2017·Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicaça̋o oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia·Rafael Futoshi MizutaniUbiratan Paula Santos
Sep 1, 1993·British Journal of Industrial Medicine·B SwennenR Lauwerys
Aug 10, 2020·Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine·Lena AnderssonHåkan Westberg
Jan 13, 2021·Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health·Cebrail ŞimşekBülent Şimşek

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