PMID: 3981455Apr 1, 1985Paper

Response and sensitivity of isolated human pulmonary muscle preparations to pharmacological agents

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
B RaffestinC Brink

Abstract

The responsiveness (grams per millimeter squared) and sensitivity (pD2 value) of various agonists were examined in isolated stored human bronchial and pulmonary arterial and venous preparations. In isolated bronchial muscles, large preparations (internal diameter about 6 mm) were less responsive (grams per millimeter squared) to contractile agents than smaller preparations (internal diameter approximately 2 mm). Noncumulative concentration-effect curves were produced in bronchial preparations using histamine, acetylcholine, carbachol and barium chloride. Histamine contracted both bronchial and vascular preparations whereas 5-hydroxytryptamine contracted only vascular tissues. The latter effect was always blocked by either methysergide or ketanserin. 5-hydroxytryptamine relaxed bronchial tissues that were contracted with either histamine, acetylcholine or prostaglandin E2. This relaxation was not antagonized by methysergide, ketanserin, propranolol or indomethacin. Dimaprit and 4-methyl histamine were without effect in isolated contracted bronchial preparations. Vasoactive intestinal peptide, Substance P and platelet-activating factor when added to preparations at resting tone failed to induce a contraction. These agents did not...Continue Reading

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