Response of Bdellovibrio and like organisms (BALOs) to the migration of naturally occurring bacteria to chemoattractants

Current Microbiology
Ashvini Chauhan, Henry N Williams


A dual culture-based and non-culture-based approach was applied to characterize predator bacterial groups in surface water samples collected from Apalachicola Bay, Florida. Chemotaxis drop assays were performed on concentrated samples in an effort to isolate predator bacteria by their chemotactic ability. Yeast extract (YE) and casamino acids (CA) proved to be strong chemoattractants and resulted in three visibly distinct bands; however, dextrose, succinate, pyruvate, and concentrated cells of Vibrio parahaemolyticus P5 as prey did not elicit any response. The three distinct bands from YE and CA were separately collected to identify the chemotactic microbial assemblages. Plaque-forming unit assays from different chemotaxis bands with P5 as prey indicated 5- (CA) to 10-fold (YE) higher numbers of predator bacteria in the outermost chemotactic bands. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and 16S rDNA sequencing of clones from different chemotaxis bands resulted in identification of Pseudoalteromonas spp., Marinomonas spp., and Vibrio spp., with their numbers inversely proportional to the numbers of predators-i.e., Bdellovibrio spp. and Bacteriovorax spp-in the chemotaxis bands. This study indicates th...Continue Reading


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