PMID: 6507629Dec 1, 1984

Response of renal NH3 production to chronic respiratory acidosis

The American Journal of Physiology
F Rodriguez-NicholsR L Tannen


Although chronic metabolic acidosis results in an adaptive increase in the renal capacity to produce NH3, the response to a low pH produced by chronic respiratory acidosis is unknown. Rats were placed in a specially constructed chamber with an ambient CO2 of 10% for 3 days, which increased their PCO2 to 76 +/- 4 mmHg. NH3 production was determined in vitro using both isolated kidneys perfused with 0.5 mM glutamine and cortical tubules incubated with 1 mM glutamine. Conscious rats with chronic respiratory and chronic metabolic acidosis had similar arterial pHs (7.29 +/- 0.01 and 7.31 +/- 0.01), which were significantly lower than controls (7.41 +/- 0.04). NH3 production by kidneys from rats with chronic respiratory acidosis perfused at pH 7.4 did not differ significantly from normal controls (1.13 +/- 0.13 vs. 1.07 +/- 0.17 mumol X min-1 X g-1). By contrast, kidneys from rats with chronic metabolic acidosis produced significantly more NH3 than both these groups (2.73 +/- 0.29 mumol X min-1 X g-1). Cortical tubules from rats with chronic respiratory acidosis also showed no evidence of adaptation in both NH3 (8.8 +/- 0.8 vs. 11.6 +/- 0.8 mumol X min-1 X g-1) and glucose (1.38 +/- 0.08 vs. 1.41 +/- 0.13 mumol X min-1 X g-1) product...Continue Reading


May 31, 2016·The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine·Susumu OgawaSadayoshi Ito

Related Concepts

Metabolic Acidosis
Acidosis, Respiratory
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
August Rats

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.

Related Papers

The American Journal of Physiology
S Sastrasinh, R L Tannen
The American Journal of Physiology
R L Tannen, M Goyal
The American Journal of Physiology
R L Tannen, A S Kunin
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved