Apr 14, 2020

Origin, Conservation, and Loss of Alternative Splicing Events that Diversify the Proteome in Saccharomycotina Budding Yeasts

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
J. HurtigAmbro van Hoof

Abstract

Many eukaryotes use alternative splicing to express multiple proteins from the same gene. However, while the majority of mammalian genes are alternatively spliced, other eukaryotes use this process less frequently. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been successfully used to study the mechanism of splicing and the splicing machinery, but alternative splicing in yeast is relatively rare and has not been extensively studied. We have recently shown that the alternative splicing of SKI7/HBS1 is widely conserved, but that yeast and a few other eukaryotes have replaced this one alternatively spliced gene with a pair of duplicated unspliced genes as part of a whole genome doubling (WGD). Here we show that other examples of alternative splicing that were previously found to have functional consequences are widely conserved within the Saccharomycotina. We also show that the most common mechanism by which alternative splicing has disappeared is by the replacement of an alternatively spliced gene with duplicate genes. Saccharomycetaceae that diverged before WGD use alternative splicing more frequently than S. cerevisiae. This suggests that the WGD is a major reason for the low frequency of alternative splicing in yeast. We ant...Continue Reading

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